Georgia Obstetrics and Gynecology
Obstetrics & Gynecology located in Atlanta, GA & Alpharetta, GA
Even if all of your menstrual periods are equally heavy or prolonged, this counts as abnormal bleeding and may indicate an underlying uterine or cervical condition that needs treatment. The board-certified gynecologists and surgeons at Georgia Obstetrics and Gynecology in Atlanta and Alpharetta, Georgia, can explore the possible causes of your abnormal bleeding and provide compassionate, personalized care. To schedule an appointment, call the office or book online today.
Abnormal Bleeding Q & A
What is abnormal bleeding?
Abnormal bleeding refers to any bleeding from the uterus that happens outside the scope of a normal menstrual period. This includes exceptionally heavy periods and periods that last longer than seven days, as well as any spotting or bleeding that occurs between periods.
The team at Georgia Obstetrics and Gynecology assesses your abnormal bleeding by taking a review of your medical history, asking about the bleeding and any other symptoms you have, and performing a physical and pelvic exam. Additional tests to diagnose abnormal bleeding include blood tests, pregnancy tests, and ultrasound imaging.
The team might ask you to record the details of your menstrual cycle in a journal to better understand your abnormal bleeding and look for patterns. Once they make a diagnosis, they can give you more information on the underlying condition and the treatments available to you.
What causes abnormal bleeding?
Abnormal bleeding often comes from hormone fluctuations or imbalances, which are most common in pubescent teenagers, pregnant women, and women in menopause.
However, hormones are not the only possible cause. Various uterine and cervical conditions and infections can also lead to bleeding apart from menstruation.
Besides hormone imbalances, other common causes of abnormal bleeding are:
- Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS)
- Endometrial cancer
- Bleeding disorders
Certain medications can also cause abnormal bleeding, so you should prepare a list of the drugs you take or have recently taken when you come in for a diagnostic appointment at Georgia Obstetrics and Gynecology.
Which treatments can I get for abnormal bleeding?
The Georgia Obstetrics and Gynecology team specializes in managing abnormal bleeding from various conditions, including hormone imbalances.
Once they make or confirm a diagnosis with in-office exams and testing, they recommend one or more treatments to control the underlying issue and regulate your bleeding.
Treatments may include:
- Hormonal birth control pills
- Hormonal intrauterine device
- Hormone replacement therapy
- Tranexamic acid
- Gonadotropin-releasing hormone agonists (GnRH)
- Fibroid removal procedures
- Endometrial ablation
- Antibiotics for infections
If other treatments for adenomyosis, fibroids, or endometrial cancer have not successfully controlled your abnormal bleeding and their other symptoms, hysterectomy may be the last resort option.
Abnormal bleeding isn’t a symptom you should ignore. For more information on the underlying causes and the treatments available for abnormal bleeding, schedule an appointment by phone or online at Georgia Obstetrics and Gynecology today.
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